Hitendra Patel, MD, is a cardiac catheterization and intensive care expert. He specializes in using interventional cardiac catheterization to measure heart activity and repair certain heart problems. During cardiac catheterization, a small tube or catheter is inserted into a vein or artery, usually in the groin, and then advanced into the heart’s chambers. Once in the heart, the catheter becomes a tiny door into the heart through which the cardiologist may perform different procedures to repair cardiac defects. Dr. Patel is a nationally recognized expert in device closure using the Amplatzer and Helex devices.
Heart defects are among the most common birth defects, and are the leading cause of birth defect-related deaths. More than 40,000 infants, 1 of every 125, are born with heart defects each year in the United States. Half the children requiring surgical repair of a heart defect now undergo surgery before turning 1.
Source: March of Dimes and the American Heart Association: Congenital Heart Defects
- Congenital heart defects
- Interventional cardiac catheterization
Interventional Cardiac Catheterization
During cardiac catheterization, a small tube or catheter is inserted into a vein or artery, usually in the groin, and then advanced into the heart. Once in the heart, the catheter can be used to measure heart activity or to treat certain cardiac conditions.
The catheter becomes a tiny door into the heart through which the cardiologist may perform what is referred to as an “intervention.” Interventions may include:
• Opening a narrowed heart valve by inflating a balloon
• Opening a narrowed blood vessel by inflating a balloon or installing a stent to hold the vessel open
• Closing off abnormal connecting vessels
• Closing a hole in the heart using either the Amplatzer or the Helex devices.
Cardiac Intensive Care
Cardiac intensivists specialize in medical diagnosis and stabilization of critically ill patients with heart defects. They provide essential care before, during and immediately after a cardiac surgery.
Comprehensive surgical management of a patient with a cardiac heart defect requires close collaboration between cardiothoracic surgeons, cardiac and general intensivists, and cardiac anesthesiologists.