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V. Mohan Reddy, MD

Medical School: All India Institute of Medical Sciences. New Delhi, India

Residency: All India Institute of Medical Sciences. New Delhi, India

Fellowship: Miami Children's Hospital, FL

Board Certification: Cardiothoracic Surgery

Language(s): German

 

Summary

Dr. Reddy has an outstanding regional, national and international reputation in pediatric cardiac surgery with particular expertise in neonatal surgery. He has performed pioneering, successful cardiac surgeries on premature and extremely low birth weight neonates previously thought to be inoperable. As a pediatric cardiac surgeon, Mohan Reddy, MD, is an expert in the repair of congenital heart defects. He handles cardiac defects as well as complex neonatal repairs and all types of single ventricle palliation. Many centers typically use a heart-lung machine and very low temperatures during bypass surgery. But Dr. Reddy and his team of pediatric cardiologists often use alternative techniques, including passive shunt techniques and more complicated perfusion techniques. These alternatives can reduce inflammation and the need for blood transfusions, and improve neurologic outcomes. He also offers his patients cosmetic incisions when appropriate. The Cardiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery divisions cover the whole spectrum of congenital cases, performing hundreds of cardiac procedures each year.

Dr. Reddy's research and clinical interests focus on complex neonatal repairs, including on premature and extremely low birth weight babies; fetal heart surgery; and cerebral protection during heart surgery. Since 1993, Dr. Reddy has maintained a strong interest in research related to congenital heart disease. He has developed several fetal models for research. The fetal bypass models he developed have resulted in NIH grants for which he was the co-investigator (PI: Frank Hanley). His fetal shunt model resulted in multiple grants for which he was the co-investigator (PI: Jeffrey Fineman). Other models Dr. Reddy has developed, namely the fetal single ventricle model and the neonatal pulmonary arteriovenous model, have resulted in several important publications.

Currently, apart from the continuing fetal bypass project, Dr. Reddy is focusing on cerebral protection during neonatal cardiac surgery. This project has resulted in several publications and presentations, and he is planning to apply for an NIH grant once the clinical data from an internally funded study is completed. Dr. Reddy has also investigated the use of extracellular matrix membrane for reconstructive purposes in congenital heart surgery, in an industry-funded study. With his return to UCSF, he is renewing his collaborative work on fetal circulatory models with Dr. Fineman.

Compelling Fact

At UCSF Benioff Children's HospitalOakland there are approximately 200 heart operations performed on infants and young children each year. We have one of the lowest mortality and morbidity (complications following a surgical procedure or treatment) rates in the country.

Source: UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland

Expertise

  • All types of surgical pediatric heart repairs on the heart
  • Septal defects, valves, blood vessel abnormalities
  • All congenital heart defects

Congenital Heart Defects
Each year, more than 32,000 babies are born in the United States with heart defects. These defects occur shortly after conception, when the heart is starting to develop. Their severity ranges from simple defects, such as “holes” between chambers of the heart, to more complex malformations, like missing chambers and/or valves

Types of Cardiac Surgery

Surgery for congenital heart defects usually falls into one of three categories: “closed” corrective surgery, open-heart corrective surgery or palliative surgery.

Closed corrective surgery does not require the use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) because there is no need to open the heart to repair the defect. Typical procedures include closing a fetal blood vessel, repairing a congenital narrowing of the aorta (largest artery in body) and repairing vascular rings.

Open-heart corrective surgery is used to correct defects inside the heart. During these procedures, CPB is used to supply oxygen to the blood and pump blood through the body, bypassing the heart and lungs. Some procedures require hypothermia, which lowers the body temperature and allows the surgeon to decrease circulation while safely repairing the heart.

Palliative surgery is used almost exclusively in the treatment of complex defects that are not suited to early or complete correction. In these cases, a staged approach to treatment is more effective. Palliative surgery provides a bridge of time to prepare the heart for the possibility of eventual complete repair.

Professional Societies

Dr. Reddy is a member of many professional societies, including the American Association for Thoracic Surgeons, the American Heart Association, and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. He serves on the editorial boards of the journals Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiology in the Young and has published more than 150 peer-reviewed articles.

Appointment & Referral Information